Artificial Intelligence

This Silk collects, organizes and visualizes data from the world of A.I. 

You'll find interactive data visualizations on:

  • The most notable projects around the world.
  • The winners of the Loebner Prize (which tests chatterbots on their performance in the Turing Test).
  • More than 750 chatterbots currently available.



If you want to help us contribute to this project, drop a line at alice@silk.co

Major Artificial Intelligence Projects

This section visualizes major past and present (unclassified) A.I Projects around the world. (Source: Wikipedia)

Mapping the major A.I projects

Page Title
Developer / Author / Group Lead
Insitution / Company
Category
Year
Written in
Location
4CAPSMarcel A. JustSashank VarmaCarnegie Mellon UniversityCognitive Architechture2006LISPUnited States
ACT-RJohn Robert AndersonCarnegie Mellon UniversityCognitive Architechture1993LISPUnited States
AIBOToshitada DoiSonyMotion and Manipulations1998Japan
Apache MahoutIsabel DrostGrant IngersollKarl Wettin.Apache Software FoundationSoftware Packages2010JavaUnited States
Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer EntityRichard WallaceNatural Language Processing1995SETLJavaC/C++United States
Blue Brain ProjectHenry MarkramFelix SchürmannSean HillÉcole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneBrain Inspired2005Switzerland
BrainaBrainasoftKnowledge and ReasoningIndia
CALOSRI InternationalCognitive Architechture2003United States
ChinookJonathan SchaefferRob LakePaul LuMartin BryantNorman TreloarUniversity of AlbertaGames1989Canada
CHRESTFernand GobetPeter C. LaneBrunel UniversityUniversity of HertfordshireCognitive Architechture1992United Kingdom
CLARIONRon SunRensselaer Polytechnic InstituteUniversity of MissouriCognitive ArchitechtureUnited States
CleverbotRollo CarpenterNatural Language Processing1997United States
CogMITMotion and ManipulationsUnited States
CoJACKAgent Oriented SoftwareCognitive Architechture1997JavaAustralia
CopycatDouglas HofstadterMelanie MitchellIndiana UniversityCognitive Architechture1988LISPUnited States
CycDouglas LenatMicroelectronics and Computer Technology CorporationKnowledge and Reasoning1984LISPCycLUnited States
Deep BlueFeng-hsiung HsuThomas AnantharamanMurray CampbellIBMCarnegie Mellon UniversityGames1985C/C++United States
Deeplearning4jAdam GibsonSoftware PackagesJavaCUDAUnited States
DUALBoicho KokinovNew Bulgarian UniversityCognitive ArchitechtureBulgaria
ELIZAJoseph WeizenbaumMITNatural Language Processing1964SLIPUnited States
EncogJeff HeatonHeaton ResearchSoftware Packages2008Java.NetC/C++United States
EPICDavid E. KierasDavid E. MeyerUniversity of MichiganCognitive ArchitechtureUnited States
EuriskoDouglas LenatCarnegie Mellon UniversityStanford UniversityKnowledge and Reasoning1976RLL-1LISPUnited States
FORRThe City University of New YorkCognitive ArchitechtureUnited States
FreeHALTobias SchulzGames2006Germany
Google BrainAndrew NgJeff DeanGoogleBrain Inspired2001United States
Google NowGoogleKnowledge and Reasoning2012C/C++United States
GrokNumentaCloud ServicesUnited States
IDA and LIDAStan FranklinUniversity of MemphisCognitive ArchitechtureUnited States
InfoTameKGBNatural Language ProcessingRussia
JabberwackyRollo CarpenterNatural Language Processing1988United Kingdom
Microsoft CortanaMicrosoftKnowledge and Reasoning2014United States
MycinEdward ShortliffeBruce BuchananStanley N. CohenStanford UniversityKnowledge and Reasoning1970sLISPUnited States
NeurophUniversity of BelgradeSoftware Packages2008JavaSerbia
NuPICNumentaBrain Inspired2007United States
Open Mind Common SenseMarvin MinskyPush SinghCatherine HavasiMITKnowledge and Reasoning1999United States
OpenCogBen GoertzelOpenCog FoundationCognitive ArchitechtureSoftware Packages2008C/C++PythonSchemeUnited States
P.A.N.David Benjamin BowesKnowledge and Reasoning2005
PARRYKenneth ColbyStanford UniversityNatural Language Processing1972LISPUnited States
PreActNorm GeddesApplied Systems IntelligenceCognitive ArchitechtureUnited States
Procedural Reasoning SystemSRI InternationalCognitive ArchitechtureUnited States
R-CASTJohn YenPennsylvania State UniversityCognitive ArchitechtureUnited States
RapidMinerRalf KlinkenbergIngo MierswaSimon FischerDortmund University of TechnologySoftware Packages2001JavaUnited States
SHRDLUTerry WinogradMITNatural Language Processing1968Micro PlannerLISPUnited States
SiriSiri Inc.Knowledge and Reasoning2010United States
SNePSStuart C. ShapiroState University of New York at BuffaloKnowledge and ReasoningLISPUnited States
SoarJohn LairdAllen NewellPaul RosenbloomCarnegie Mellon UniversityUniversity of MichiganCognitive Architechture1983LISPUnited States
Stockfish AITord RomstadMarco CostalbaJoona KiiskiGames2004C/C++NorwayItaly
Synthetic Environment for Analysis and SimulationsAlok R. ChaturvediPurdue UniversityOther2004United States
SYSTRANPeter TomaSYSTRANNatural Language Processing1968United States
TD-GammonGerald TesauroIBMGames1992United States
WatsonIBMKnowledge and ReasoningCloud Services2005JavaC/C++PrologUnited States
WekaUniversity of WaikatoCloud Services1993JavaNew Zealand
Wolfram AlphaWolfram ResearchKnowledge and Reasoning2009Wolfram LanguageUnited States

Select values from the filters to customize the visualization. Click "Explore" to transform this map into another type of chart, change the variables plotted and add dynamic filters.







We have information on the languages used to write 25 of the 54 Major A.I. projects. Of these, almost half are make use of LISP - the second oldest high-level programming language still widely used today, according to Wikipedia.

LISP, Java and C/C++ are the most used languages

Select values from the filters to customize the visualization. Click "Explore" to transform this graph into another type of chart, change the variables plotted and add dynamic filters.



The ten most recent major A.I. projects

Click on the headings to sort ascending/descending on a variable. Select values from the filters to customize the visualization. Click "Explore" to transform this table into another type of chart, change the variables plotted, add dynamic filters, or see the whole ranking instead of the top 10. Click on each project for more information.



Carnegie Mellon University and MIT are the institutions with the highest number of major A.I. projects

Carnegie Mellon University and MIT top insititutions

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Loebner Prize Winners

The Loebner Prize is the annual competition that awards the most human-like chatterbot. Participants challenge a jury in the format of a standard Turing test. (Sources: Loebner Prize Homepage, Wikipedia articles for each bot)

Loebner Prize Winner: only 35% haven't been from the U.S.

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Joseph Weintraub winner of most Loebner Prizes

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Three programs won 38% of the all the Loebner prizes 





Chatterbots Database

An interactive and searchable DB of more than 750 chatterbots. (Source: Chatterbot Collection)

Chatterbots Database

Select values from the filters to customize the visualization. Click "Explore" to transform this table into another type of chart, change the variables plotted, add dynamic filters. Click on each project for more information.



Languages of the Chatterbots in the Database





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